Here is a step by step approach for prepping and treating minor wounds. Many times a mild wound can go un-noticed or
un-detected for a period of time and you may only notice that your dog is licking or scratching more than usual at a
particular spot. This is a good indication that there may be a local irritation and may need first aid attention. These
types of wounds often lead to 'hot spots' and are a very common type of lesion in dogs, especially in dogs with long hair
coats. Other times there can be an acute injury in which case there are obvious signs indicating a traumatic event,
if this is the case proceed as follows:
First stay calm. Your dog may or may not be a little anxious after an injury incident, in which case if you stay calm
you will help to keep your dog at ease. Sooth and comfort your pet to reassure them that everything is OK. While you
are calming your pet and assessing the extent of the injury this is a good opportunity to obtain the pulse rate and to
assess the capillary refill.
As a precaution, apply the muzzle.
Use the hair trimmers to trim the hair away from the wound site. Be sure and trim back the hair enough so one can see
the entire margins of the wound. It is better to trim back more hair than less so one can properly visualize the
extent of the wound site.
If there is dirt and/or dried serum on the wound one can use the 60 cc syringe to flush the area with warm water for the initial cleansing.
Gently dry the area with a clean gauze pad.
Apply some hydrogen peroxide directly to the wound or to the gauze pad and then use to gently clean the wound.
Apply either antibiotic ointment or the antiseptic spray directly to the wound site. If the wound is near the
eyes or ears first apply the antiseptic to a Q-tip then deliver the antiseptic to the wound. Avoid using the
antibiotic ointment on burns as the petrolatum base in the ointment works like an insulator and tends to retain heat.
The Antiseptic Spray, After Cuts & Scrapes is ideal for these types of wounds as it doesn't retain heat and the
anesthetic agent helps to relieve the pain commonly associated with burn wounds and especially for 'hot spots'.
Whenever possible leave the wound open so it can stay dry. If it is likely to get dirty or if the pet starts
licking the wound then it is best to apply a dressing. Gauze pads can be applied directly to the wound followed
by Vetrap to hold the gauze pads in place. If the dressing needs to be changed frequently then it would be best to
apply the non-adherent pad directly to the wound as it will be less likely to stick.
The dressing should be changed every day or two in order to assess the wound to see that it remains clean and dry between changes.